The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) conducted an Intensive Participatory Planning Exercise in 2500 backward blocks for preparation of MGNREGA Labour Budget (LB) of the Gram Panchayats of these Blocks. The exercise spanned from September 2014 to December 2014 for preparing the labour budget for Financial Year (FY)2015 -16. This exercise had a village level focus with emphasis on reaching out to securing MGNREGA specific needs of the vulnerable sections. Participatory rural appraisal tools like mapping of social set up, resources and seasonality of demand for unskilled work were used along with triangulation of data through transect walks. Block Planning Teams (BPTs) were trained to facilitate the process of planning which extended from 2 to 3 days in a village. Increased participation in planning was reported in almost all the selected Blocks.
Intensive Participatory Planning (IPPE) 2: Convergent Planning for Rural Development
This year, the IPPE exercise will be repeated in the 2532 blocks. All processes followed in IPPE 1 with respect to MGNREGA will be repeated. The following will be the additional objectives of IPPE2:
1.Convergent planning for all Rural Development programmes – Capitalising on the participation brought in by the block planning teams last year, this year the planning process will focus on bringing in convergence with all other Rural Development programmes namely; National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP), Indira AwaasYojana (IAY), National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) and DeenDayalUpadhayaGrameenKaushalyaYojana (DDU-GKY).
Joint Exercise – Given the convergence, this year the Block Planning Team will consist of stakeholders and field level functionaries drawn from all Rural Development programmes along with MGNREGA.In the Blocks which are either Resource Blocks or Intensive Blocks or Partnership Blocks or MKSP Blocks under NRLM, the resource persons for the livelihood plan preparation will be provided by the SRLMs concerned after due assessment of the human resources available in these blocks.
MGNREGA- NRLM Convergence
A SYNERGY CAN BE DEVELOPED
The convergent planning process this year has a two-fold objective;
(i) Ensuring participatory planning under MGNREGA to generate wage employment and create productive assets
(ii) Using the physical asset created under MGNREGA for economic activities in a way that the HH that has worked on that asset is able to earn an income from it.
For this purpose, strong partnership is required among institutions like CBOs (Community Based Organisations) such as SHGs, VOs, Federations, Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs), MGNREGA cell/functionaries and National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and CSO (Civil society Organisations).
Both NRLM and MGNREGA focus on developing sustainable livelihood options for the rural poor. NRLM aims at creating robust institutional platforms of the rural women in the form of SHGs and village level organisations enabling them to increase household income through vulnerability reduction and sustainable livelihood enhancements. MGNREGA, on the other hand, is a social protection programme that aims at enhancing the livelihood security of the rural poor by guaranteeing 100 days of wage- employment, and by developing productive and sustainable livelihoods-enhancing assets.
As both the programmes have common goals of developing sustainable livelihood for the poor through a demand driven strategy, a synergy can be developed between them to have a greater impact on the community.
The convergence will be operationalised in the following manner:
•Taking focal responsibility of IPPE-II in Intensive/Resource Blocks.
•Designing Household Livelihood Planning in terms of Survey, Planning and Follow-up.
•Leveraging SHG based mobilisation for greater participation of women and the poor in IPPE-II.
•Leveraging capable human resource from SHGs/ VOs as members of the Block Planning Teams.
•Participation of SRLM/equivalent functionaries of at Block level as members of Block Resource Teams for training and handholding the BPT Members.
•MGNREGS Machinery will make IPPE-II, Asset Creation and LIFE related information available to NRLM.