In the year 2006 Government of Odisha formed a society named ‘Orissa Poverty Reduction Mission (OPRM)’ to implement various poverty reduction programmes in the state, which was reconstituted and renamed as ‘Odisha Livelihoods Mission(OLM)’ an autonomous society under the aegis of Department of Panchayati Raj, Government of Odisha, presently implementing both National Rural Livelihoods Mission and National Rural Livelihoods Project.
Odisha was the first state in the country to launch National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) in its bid to bring down rural poverty by promoting diversified and gainful self-employment to the rural poor. NRLM has been launched in the State on 18th April, 2011. It is the restructured scheme of SwarnaJayanti Gram SwarozgarYojana (SGSY). This scheme was implemented in a mission mode having focus to create sustainable livelihood opportunities for the rural poor households and nurture till they are come out of poverty and lead a quality life. This is a centrally sponsored scheme with a proportionate ratio of 75:25 between Centre & State. NRLM has put in place a dedicated and sensitive support structure, to take the rural poor households out of poverty line trough capacity building, financial assistance and self-reliant institutions. Odisha has the unique advantage of implementing the externally aided project-TRIPTI. The mandate of TRIPTI is very much similar to the objectives of the NRLM. With the experience of implementing TRIPTI in 38 Blocks of the State, the State Government is in a better position in implementing NRLM. The TRIPTI blocks are taken as the cornerstone for implementation of the NRLM which will is being rolled out in a phased manner covering all 314 Blocks by the end of 12th Five Year Plan. The strategy for phasing out of NRLM to all the Blocks of the State is based on the backward indices, Left Wing Extremist (LWE) affected areas and also Schedule areas.
Odisha Livelihoods Mission aims at:
- mobilizing all the poor households into functionally effective SHGs and their federations;
- enhancing their access to bank credit and other financial, technical and marketing services;
- building their capacities and skills for gainful and sustainable livelihoods development;
- and converging various schemes for efficient delivery of social and economic support services to poor with optimal results.